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The Bentall procedure is a complex cardiac surgery that is primarily used to treat aortic aneurysms and related valve issues. This surgical technique is named after the pioneering heart surgeon, Dr. Hugh Bentall, who developed it in the 1960s. The procedure involves the replacement of the aortic root, a portion of the aorta, and the aortic valve in a single operation.

Key Aspects of the Bentall Procedure:

  1. Indications: The Bentall procedure is typically performed in cases where there is a combination of significant issues:
    • Aortic Aneurysm: This is an abnormal bulging or enlargement of the aorta, the large blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body. Aortic aneurysms can be life-threatening if they rupture.
    • Aortic Valve Disease: When there is damage or dysfunction of the aortic valve, it can lead to conditions like aortic regurgitation (leakage of blood back into the heart) or aortic stenosis (narrowing of the valve), both of which can severely affect blood flow and heart function.
  2. Surgical Procedure: The Bentall procedure is a major open-heart surgery performed under general anesthesia. It involves several key steps:
    • Aortic Root Replacement: The surgeon removes the damaged aortic root (the part of the aorta closest to the heart) and replaces it with a graft made of synthetic material. The graft is sewn into place to connect it to the heart.
    • Aortic Valve Replacement: If the aortic valve is damaged or dysfunctional, it is replaced during the same procedure. The replacement valve can be a mechanical valve (requiring lifelong anticoagulation) or a biological valve (from a donor or animal tissue).
    • Coronary Artery Reattachment: The coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle, are reattached to the graft to ensure continued blood flow to the heart.
  3. Postoperative Care: After the Bentall procedure, patients are closely monitored in the intensive care unit (ICU) and then in a regular hospital room. Recovery can be challenging, and the length of the hospital stay varies from person to person.
  4. Long-Term Management: Individuals who undergo the Bentall procedure will require long-term follow-up care with a cardiologist. Lifelong medications may be needed to manage blood pressure and prevent blood clots, particularly if a mechanical valve is used.
  5. Risks and Complications: Like all major surgeries, the Bentall procedure carries certain risks, including bleeding, infection, and complications related to the artificial valve. Lifelong monitoring is necessary to ensure the proper function of the artificial valve and the health of the aorta.

The Bentall procedure is a complex and life-saving surgical option for individuals with aortic aneurysms and significant aortic valve issues. It aims to restore normal blood flow and prevent the risk of aortic rupture. The choice of valve type (mechanical or biological) is determined by the patient's age, overall health, and preferences, and it plays a crucial role in the long-term management of the condition.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Rockland Hospital, Manesar, Gurgaon Rockland Hospital, Manesar, Gurgaon

Rockland Hospital, Manesar, Gurgaon

  • Established in 2013, Rockland Hospital is NABL accredited hospital.
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Dr. Naresh Trehan Dr. Naresh Trehan

Dr. Naresh Trehan

  • Cardiac Surgeon Chairman MBBS,
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