Contact Us! +91-7 80 81 82 83 1
  1. Home
  2. Hospitals
  3. Device Closure ASD

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) is a congenital heart condition where there is an abnormal opening in the wall (septum) between the two upper chambers (atria) of the heart. Device closure of ASD is a minimally invasive procedure used to repair this defect without the need for open-heart surgery. Here are key aspects of the procedure:

Procedure Overview:

  1. Patient Evaluation: Before considering device closure, the patient undergoes a thorough evaluation, including echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart) and other cardiac tests. The size, location, and suitability of the ASD are assessed.
  2. Minimally Invasive Approach: Device closure is typically performed in a cardiac catheterization lab (cath lab) under local anesthesia or general anesthesia, depending on the patient's age and condition. Instead of open-heart surgery, this procedure uses catheters (thin, flexible tubes) inserted through blood vessels, often starting in the groin.
  3. Device Insertion: A specialized closure device, often made of two discs or umbrella-like structures connected by a waist, is guided through the catheter to the heart. The device is positioned precisely to cover the ASD.
  4. Closure: Once the device is in the correct position, it is deployed. The discs on each side of the ASD flatten against the atrial walls, effectively sealing the hole. Over time, the patient's own tissue grows over the device, further securing it in place.
  5. Monitoring: Throughout the procedure, continuous imaging, such as fluoroscopy and echocardiography, helps guide the cardiologist in real-time to ensure proper placement and closure.

Benefits of Device Closure:

  • Minimally Invasive: Device closure avoids the need for open-heart surgery and its associated risks, resulting in shorter hospital stays, quicker recovery, and less scarring.
  • Effective: Device closure is highly effective in closing small to moderate-sized ASDs, preventing abnormal blood flow between the atria and reducing the risk of complications.
  • Improved Quality of Life: Successful closure often leads to improved heart function and overall quality of life, particularly in cases where ASDs were causing symptoms like fatigue, palpitations, or shortness of breath.
  • Long-Term Outcomes: With proper follow-up care, individuals who undergo device closure typically experience excellent long-term outcomes, with a low risk of complications.

Post-Procedure Care:

  • After the procedure, patients are closely monitored in the hospital for a short period. Most can resume normal activities within a few days to a week, depending on their age and overall health.
  • Follow-up appointments with a cardiologist are essential to ensure that the device remains in place and to monitor the patient's heart function.
  • Patients are usually prescribed blood thinners for a period to prevent blood clots from forming on the device.

In conclusion, device closure of ASD is a minimally invasive and highly effective procedure to repair a common congenital heart defect. It offers the advantage of quicker recovery and reduced scarring compared to traditional open-heart surgery, allowing patients to enjoy an improved quality of life. However, the suitability of this procedure depends on the specific characteristics of the ASD and the patient's individual health.

Frequently Asked Questions

1 matches found

Indraprastha Apollo Hospital New Delhi Indraprastha Apollo Hospital New Delhi

Indraprastha Apollo Hospital New Delhi

  • Established in 1996, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital is NABL and JCI accredited.
India Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat, Sun Doctors Onboard: 10 24/7 available